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Dr. Nathaniel Cotton
Male 1705 - 1788


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  • Prefix  Dr. 
    Birth  1705  London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Date and place from Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1232 (ancestry.com)
    Christened  12 Mar 1706  London (Stepney), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • At Bull Lane Independent [Church]. From LDS IGI Individual Record for Nathaneel Cotton.
    Gender  Male 
    Education  23 Sep 1729  Leyden, Holland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Leyden University, studying medicine under Boerhaave 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography - COT - p. 1232 (ancestry.com).
    Will  5 Dec 1778  St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    PRO Cat.Ref.: PROB 11/1168 
    Of  Abt 1740-1788  St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • from Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1232 (ancestry.com).
    Occupation  Abt 1740-1788  St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Physician (M.D.), in general practice and keeping a private madhouse called Cellegium Insanorum 
    • From 1784 listing for Nathaniel Cotton of St. Albans in Bailey's British Directory [for 1784]; or, Merchant's and Trader's Useful Companion for the year 1784 ... in 4 Volumes ... Volume 1. London; Volume 2 The Western Directory; Volume 3 The Northern Directory; Volume 4 The Eastern Directory. The First Edition, 1784, BAILEY. London (ancestry.com).
      Also from Dictionary of National Biography - COT - p. 1232 (ancestry.com).
    Died  2 Aug 1788  St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Date and place from Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1232 (ancestry.com).
      Death notice in The Gentleman's Magazine 48, August and September 1788, pp. 756 and 834, reads: 2 August. At St. Albans, Dr. Cotton, many years physician there, and author of "Visions in Verse, for the Instruction of younger Minds." He was distinguished for his great care, humanity, and attention to those unhappy objects to whose cure he had devoted his principal study; and is succeeded by Dr. Pellet, who assisted him in his practice ... Dr. Cotton was also author of some poems in Dodsley's "Collection," and "Observations on a particular Kind of Scarlet Fever, that lately prevailed in and about St. Albans," 2749, 4to.
    Buried  8 Aug 1788  St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Buried in the churchyard of St. Peter's, St. Albans, "beneath an altar tombstone which bears the plain inscription, 'Here are deposited the remains of Anne, Hannah, and Nathaniel Cotton.'" from Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1232 (ancestry.com).
      A note on the history of Hertfordshire, in The Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Chronicle. From July to December, 1817, Volume LXXXVII (Being the Tenth of a New Series.) Part the Second. By Sylvanus Urban, Gent., 1817 (August 1817), p. 113, refers to notable persons buried at St. Alban's, including: "In St. Peter's Church-yard, lie the remains of the amiable poet and physician, dr. Nathaniel Cotton, author of "the Fire-side," through whose ability the poet Cowper was restored to Sanity."
      = =
      Date from History of Verulam and St. Alban's: Containing An Historical Account of the Decline of Verulam and Origin of St. Alban's, and of the Present State of the Town, the Abbey, and other Churches, ... , publ. 1815 (St. Alban's: S. G. Shaw), which describes his monument in the churchyard of St. Peter's as follows: ...including one with this inscription: "Here are deposited the remains of ANNE, HANNAH, and NATHANIEL COTTON:" this is the only memorial for Dr. Cotton, the ingenious author of "Visions in Verse," "The Fire Side," and other small pieces, all of which are strongly conducive to promote the interests of virtue and religion: they were buried respectively, the fourteenth of April, 1749; nineteenth of May, 1772; and the eighth of August, 1788.
    Will proved  20 Aug 1788 
    PRO Cat.Ref.: PROB 11/1168 
    Name  Nathaneel Cotton 
    _UID  5CAD05A304C9469A8857AAB5579F6EBBBB5F 
    Notes 
    • Youngest son of Samuel Cotton. From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1232 (ancestry.com).
      Will dated 5 Dec 1778 (10 years before his death) names the following family members:
      Nathaniel Cotton, eldest son (of Ann Pembroke) - Co-Executor and residuary legatee
      Anne Brooke née Cotton, daughter (of Ann Pembroke), wife of William Brooke, Esq., of Farnham, Surrey
      Joseph Cotton, son (of Ann Pembroke) - Co-Executor
      Phoebe Cotton, daughter (of Ann Pembroke)
      Catherine Cotton, daughter (of Ann Pembroke)
      John Cotton, son (of Harriet Everett) - Co-Executor
      Elizabeth Cotton, daughter (of Harriet Everett)
    Person ID  I8072  Halhed Genealogy
    Last Modified  13 Mar 2011 

    Father  Samuel Cotton,   b. 11 Oct 1661,   d. 1746, Bethnal Green, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Mary Johnson,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married  12 Dec 1696  West Ham, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F3083  Group Sheet

    Family 1  Anne Pembroke,   bur. 14 Apr 1749, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  1738 
    • from "Early Mad Houses in St Albans and Harpenden" at www.hertfordshire-genealogy.co.uk.
      Reference in The Works of the English Poets, from Chaucer to Cowper, by Alexander Chalmers and Samuel Johnson, publ. 1810, p. 58, reads (in part): Dr. Cotton was twice married, first, about the year 1738, to Miss Anne Pembroke, sister to George Pembroke, esq. formerly of St. Albans, receiver-general for the county of Hertford, and to Joseph Pembroke, town-clerk of St. Albans.
    Children 
     1. Joshua Cotton,   c. 12 Aug 1739, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1778
     2. Mary Cotton,   c. 5 Sep 1740, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Nov 1790
     3. Anne Cotton,   c. 30 Apr 1742, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1800
     4. Rev. Nathaniel Cotton,   c. 3 Jun 1743, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Nov 1813
     5. Henrietta Cotton,   c. 19 Dec 1744, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1778
     6. Maria Cotton,   c. 19 Dec 1744, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1778
     7. Capt. Joseph Cotton,   b. 7 Mar 1746, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jan 1825, Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     8. Phoebe Cotton,   c. 7 Apr 1747, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef Jun 1807
     9. Catherine Cotton,   c. 14 Aug 1748, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Dec 1780
    Last Modified  13 Mar 2011 
    Family ID  F3084  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Harriet Everett,   d. May 1772 
    Married  22 Aug 1751  London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Year 1751 from "Early Mad Houses in St Albans and Harpenden" at www.hertfordshire-genealogy.co.uk.
      Reference in The Works of the English Poets, from Chaucer to Cowper, by Alexander Chalmers and Samuel Johnson, publ. 1810, p. 58, reads (in part): He married, secondly, in 1750, or 1751, Miss Hannah Everett, who died May 1772, leaving a son, now living, and two daughters, since dead.
      Married at St. Vedast, Foster Lane, London. Reference in "S. Vedast, Foster Lane, London, Marriages 1559-1837," ed. Willoughby A. Littledale, publ. 1903, cited by L. H. Chambers in Notes and Queries, 6 March 1948, p. 104, reads: 1751. Nathaniel Cotton, Doctor in Physick, in the Parish of S. Peter in the Town of S. Albans and County of Hertford, Widower amd Hannah Evnett of the same Parish, Spinster were married Augt. 22 with Licence by me, R. Pemberton.
    Children 
     1. John Cotton,   c. 10 Jun 1752, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Nov 1835, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Hannah Cotton,   c. 13 Jul 1753, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 May 1772, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Elizabeth Cotton,   c. 30 Jul 1754, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Jan 1797, Sandridge, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  5 Feb 2009 
    Family ID  F3082  Group Sheet