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William Cotton, Q.C., J.P., D.L.
Male 1786 - 1866


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  • Suffix  Q.C., J.P., D.L. 
    Birth  12 Sep 1786  London (London), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Date and place as Leyton Essex given in Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1246 (ancestry.com). Note, however, that UK 1861 census gives birthplace as Charterhouse Square, London. Also, UK 1851 census gives birthplace as Middlesex City London. See also Christening notes.
      Date from Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal, The Anne of Exeter Volume, p. 442 (ancestry.com).
    Christened  4 Oct 1786  London (London), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Christened at Saint Botolph Without Aldersgate, London. Date and place from LDS IGI Individual Record for Wm Cotton, son of Joseph Cotton and Sarah.
      Original christening record at London, England, Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812 (ancestry.com) for St Botolph Aldersgate, gives: Christnings in October 1786 / 4 / Wm S of Joseph & Sarah Cotton / Septr 12th.
    Gender  Male 
    Education  Bef 1801  Chigwell, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Chigwell Grammar School 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1246 (ancestry.com).
    Appointed  1837 
    Sheriff, co. Essex 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
    Appointed  1838 
    Sheriff, County of Essex 
    • From List of Sheriffs for 1838, in Appendix to Chronicle, The Annual Register for the Year 1838, p. 173, and The Gentleman's Magaqzine, March 1838, p. 311, which reads: LIST OF SHERIFFS FOR 1838. ... Essex---W. Cotton, of Wallwood, Leyton, Esq.
    Occupation  1807-1838  London (Limehouse), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    as Partner in Huddart & Co., cordage manufacturing company at Limehouse 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1246 (ancestry.com).
    Census  6 Jun 1841  London (Marylebone), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    UK 
    • as William Cotton / age 54 / occupation Independent / born in Middlesex / living at Nr 6 Devonshire Place, Marylebone, London, with wife Sarah Cotton, daughters Sarah and Phoebe Cotton, son Joseph E Cotton, niece Mary Bowdler, 8 servants.
    Honorary Degree  5 Jul 1848  Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    D.C.L., Oxford University 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
      Cotton, William, created D.C.L. 5 July, 1848, governor of the Bank of England 1844, and of Christ's Hospital 1821, director 1822-66, high sheriff Essex 1837 (3rd son of Joseph Cotton, a director E.I.C.S., deputy-master of the Trinity House), died 1 Dec., 1866. See Gent.'s Mag., 1867, p. 111, father of William Charles, Henry, and Arthur Benjamin, whom see. From Foster, Joseph. Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1715-1886 and Alumni Oxonienses: The Members of the University of Oxford, 1500-1714. Oxford: Parker and Co., 1888-1892 (ancestry.com).
    Honors  1851  England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    invention of sovereign-weighing machine, with medal from 1851 Exhibition commissioners 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1246 (ancestry.com).
    Census  30 Mar 1851  London (St. George Hanover Square), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    UK 
    • as William Cotton / Head / married / age 64 / occupation Bank Director D.C.L. / birthplace Middlesex City London / living at 17 Dover Street, Mayfair, with wife Sarah Cotton, sons William Charles and Henry Cotton, daughters Phoebe and Agnes Cotton, 8 servants.
    Census  7 Apr 1861  Hastings, Sussex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    UK 
    • as William Cotton / Head / married / age 76 / occupation Justice of the Peace Essex / birthplace London Charter House Square / living at 2 Robertson Terrace, Hastings, with wife Sarah Cotton, sons Henry and Arthur B Cotton, daughter[-in-law] Clemence E Cotton, daughter Agnes Cotton, grandson Theodore D Acland, grandson Edward Cotton, granddaughter Clemence M Cotton, grandson Henry S Cotton, granddaughter Phoebe Cotton, 7 servants.
    Appointed  J.P. and D.L., co. Essex 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
    Will  6 Jul 1865 
    • From The Law Times, 30 March 1867, p. 434.
    Of  1819-1866  Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Walwood House, Leytonstone 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
    Organizations  Fellow of the Royal Society 
    • From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
    Organizations  Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge 
    • Also supported Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, Colonial Bishoprics Fund, Additional Curates Society, etc. From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
    Occupation  1821-1866  London, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Director, Bank of England, and Governor 1843-1845 
    • Invented an automatic weighing machine for sovereigns, introduced in 1844, known as "the governor", weighing sovereigns at the rate of 23 per minute, and capable of discriminating to 1/10,000 of a grain.. From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1246 (ancestry.com).
    Will  Jun 1866 
    Codicil 
    • From The Law Times, 30 March 1867, p. 434.
    Will  Nov 1866 
    Codicil 
    • From The Law Times, 30 March 1867, p. 434.
    Died  1 Dec 1866  Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Date from Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
      Date from Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal, The Anne of Exeter Volume, p. 442 (ancestry.com).
      Death notice in The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 222, January 1867, p. 121, reads: Dec. 1. ... At Walwood House, Leytonstone, aged 80, William Cotton, esq. See OBITUARY.
    Will proved  Mar 1867  London, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Report in The Law Times, 30 March 1867, p. 434, reads: The will of the late William Cotton, Esq., F.R.C., D.C.L., late Governor of the Bank of England, and many years a director, was proved, in the London court, under 70,000l. personalty. The executors are Benjamin Cotton, Esq., the brother, of Forest House, Chigwell; Henry Cotton, Esq., the son; and Edmund Hay Currie, Esq. The will is dated July 6, 1865, and there are two codicils, June and Nov. 1866, and the testator died at his residence, Walwood House, Leytonstone, Essex, Dec. 1, at the age of eighty. He has left considerable property to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for teh support of the church of St. Paul's, Stepney, erected at his entire expense, and leaves the patronage and advowson thereof to his son, the Rev. Arthur Benjamin Cotton, the present incumbent. He devises to his son Henry his manor of Gibbins and Cleeves, in Essex, and leaves his Bow-common estate in trust for his wife for her life, and after her decease he bequeaths the same amongst his sons and daughters in certain specified portions.
    _UID  9E19CAC6AEE9458B910D9CEEE5CB627F679A 
    Buried  Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Buried in churchyard of St. John the Baptist, Leytonstone, a church which he had himself been largely instrumental in building. A painted window to his memory was placed, by public subscription, in St. Paul's Cathedral. From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
    Notes 
    • Third son of Joseph Cotton.
      Philanthropist, on behalf of employees of Huddart firm at Limehouse, in St. Anne's schools at Limehouse, in support of the London Hospital, in building the churches of St. Peter's Stepney, St. Thomas Bethnal Green (as memorial to a son he lost), St. Paul's Stepney and a number of other churches, in organizing the Metropolis Churches Fund which later became the London Diocesan Church Building Society, on original council of King's College, and a governor of Christ's Hospital from 1821, originator of system of public baths and washhouses, and involved in establishing the first model lodging-houses. From Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1246 (ancestry.com).
    Person ID  I7567  Halhed Genealogy
    Last Modified  4 Jan 2011 

    Father  Capt. Joseph Cotton,   b. 7 Mar 1746, St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jan 1825, Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Sarah Harrison,   b. 15 Aug 1751, Upminster, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Feb 1818, Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  28 Jan 1779  London (Holborn), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID  F2966  Group Sheet

    Family  Sarah Lane,   b. 31 May 1790, London (London), Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Dec 1872 
    Married  3 Feb 1812  Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Year from Dictionary of National Biography, vol. 4, p. 1247 (ancestry.com).
      At St Mary's, Leyton. Place from LDS IGI Individual Record for William Cotton marriage to Sarah Lane, which gives date as 4 Feb 1812.
      Date given as 14 Feb 1912 in Plantagenet Roll of the Blood Royal, The Anne of Exeter Volume, p. 442 (ancestry.com).
      Marriage notice in The Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 82, pt. 1, February 1812, p. 188, reads: Feb. 3, ... At Leyton, Essex, William Cotton, esq. to Sarah, only daughtere of Thomas Lane, esq. of the Grange, Leyton.
    Children 
     1. Rev. William Charles Cotton,   b. 1813, Stratford, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Jun 1879, Chiswick, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Sarah Cotton,   b. 21 Jul 1815, Leytonstone, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Oct 1878, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     3. Phoebe Cotton,   b. 8 May 1817, Leyton, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 May 1857, Torquay, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     4. Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Cotton, Q.C.,   b. 20 May 1821, Leytonstone, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Feb 1892, Forest Mere nr Liphook, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Joseph Edward Cotton,   b. 18 May 1823,   d. 6 Feb 1842, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Agnes Cotton,   b. 24 Feb 1828, Leytonstone, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 May 1899, Leytonstone, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Rev. Arthur Benjamin Cotton,   b. 22 Sep 1832, Leytonstone, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Feb 1918, Wrotham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Last Modified  4 Jan 2011 
    Family ID  F2965  Group Sheet